Judaism, islam and a number of pseudo christian cults often accuse orthodox christians of worshiping three gods. Many christians simply do not feel comfortable praying to the spirit even though we often sing songs that are essentially. The three persons are distinct, yet are one substance, essence or nature. Not only are each of the three persons of the trinity identified as god, but each is said to possess eternality. The link between platos teachings and the trinity as adopted by the catholic church centuries later is so strong that edward gibbon, in his masterwork the history of the decline and fall of the roman empire, referred to plato as the athenian sage, who had thus marvelously anticipated one of the most surprising discoveries of the christian. The hindus, greeks, and romans had a threegod triad, but those did not come close to the christian doctrine of the trinity. Olympic triad of zeus king of the gods, athena goddess of war and intelect and apollo god of the sun, culture and music in the greek culture zeus was the name for nimrod, athena for semiramis, and apollo for tammuz. Do catholics and protestants believe in the same trinity.
By definition, the trinity doctrine teaches that there is only one god. The three main gods and goddesses of hinduism are shiva, vishnu, and brahma. Apollo is known in both the greek and roman pantheons of gods. Jesus is the expess image of god, he is the father and the son in one, he is god manifest in a fleshly body, and he is the only god you will ever see.
That, by the way, is the number one question i have been asked about the holy spirit since writing names of the holy spirit. Yet to this day, the trinity is always thought of as having its origin in roman catholicismmost notably at the council of nicaea in ad 325, the first ecumenical council of christian bishops. Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the father and of the son and of the holy spirit. There is only one god, and we must never stray from this. After christianity became the roman state religion, the capitoline triad was replaced with the christian trinity of god the father, jesus and the holy. By the words of the athanasian creed it is, the father is god, the son is god, and the holy spirit is god, and yet there are. The capitoline triad as evidence of the roman belief in the trinity.
Carl jung considered the arrangement of deities into triplets an archetype in the history of religion. Pagan roots of the trinity doctrine a website about god. The triad held a central place in the public religion of rome. The trinity is the term employed to signify the central doctrine of the christian religion. The father is god, jesus is god, the holy spirit is god, and yet there are not three gods but one god, and thats the trinity. Nevertheless, there are those who assert that the trinity is really teaching three separate gods. The consolation of philosophy is indeed, as gibbon called it, a golden volume, not unworthy of the leisure. The lie that made god a mystery one god, three persons. They claim it is either impossible for god to exist in three persons, andor that the trinity is really borrowed from pagan threegod figures. For this view sabellius was excommunicated for heresy in rome c. God the father, god the son, and god the holy spirit.
Bitter battles ensued, and three versions of the trinity debated, as well as the non trinity belief, until the present one was adopted. Did christians invent the trinity to replace the three. The history of the doctrine of the trinity the true. Trinity history of trinitarian doctrines stanford encyclopedia of.
Many add that a person is by necessity an individual being. The very first threeinone trinity was the worship of the three stages of the sun. Within god s one undivided being there is an unfolding into three interpersonal relationships such that there are. Hence the churchs constant concern to safeguard the revealed truth that god is one in nature and three in persons. Some parts of christendom have five gods, as the roman catholic church, which has added a mother of god who. This is not the belief in three different gods, but one god expressed in three persons. That these three are separate individuals, physically distinct from each other, is demonstrated by the accepted records of divine dealings with man, articles of faith, by james talmage, p. Trinity between paganism and christianity islam for christians. Christians refer to god revealed in three persons as the triune god or the trinity. In egypt, a trinity made up of the three gods called osiris, isis and horus is worshipped.
Greek philosophys influence on the trinity doctrine. This is a statement of trinity, the three chief gods of egypt subsumed into one of them, amon. The mystery of the holy trinity is the most fundamental of our faith. The father, son, and holy spirit are all one god in three different manifestations or modes, thus the trinity of three different gods is proven false. Does the sacrifice of christ fit with the three inone god. The trinity catechism of the catholic church catholic. The trinity is three of these, though the latter term has become the dominant one used to describe the individual aspects of god known as the father, the son, and the holy spirit. No wonder, the trinity was a predominant belief in the roman empire for long stretches of time, including the timespans preceding and coinciding with the profession of christianity by the roman empire, not to mention the fact that belief in the trinity was commonplace in neighboring, contemporaneous and even past cultures and civilizations. So why was the trinity teaching brought into the seventhday adventist church. The pagan origins of the threeheaded representation of. The parallelism of the father, the son, and the spirit is not unique to matthews gospel, but appears elsewhere in the new testament e.
A psychological approach to the dogma of the trinity 1948, in collected works of c. Since all three persons of the trinity are equally god, we may pray to any member of the trinity. The doctrine of the trinity a critical examination of. A god with three faces, or three heads, held an important position in the. If you read any of my answers about god, the trinity, and the godhead, youll know i have a nonstandard view of this.
The doctrine of the trinity as taught by most churches states that there are three coequal equal in every respect, coeternal the same age, omniscient all knowing, omnipotent all powerful gods, who are not three gods, but one god. Apollo served as an intermediary between the people and the gods. Trinity, in christian doctrine, the unity of father, son, and holy spirit as three. The one god is not the three, but rather one of them and the primary one, the ultimate source of the second and third. Long the litmus test of traditional christianity, the triune god is deemed a mystery, unable to be understood other questions arise. Aug 1, 2018 i dont know why i havent opened this topic before. The capitoline triad was a group of three deities who were worshipped in ancient roman. There is not a word about three gods in it from beginning to end. Paul addressed the epistle of romans to all who are in rome, beloved of god, called to be saints. The ancient babylonians recognised the doctrine of a trinity, or three persons in one god as appears from a composite god with three heads forming part of their mythology, and the use of the equilateral triangle, also, as an emblem of such trinity in unity thomas dennis rock, the mystical woman and the cities of the nations, 1867, pp. How ancient trinitarian gods influenced adoption of the. The trinity doctrine was by no means adopted unanimously by church leaders of the day.
The first tendency recognized the distinctness among the three, but at the. This doctrine is one of the cornerstones of orthodox christianity, even though it was not codified until 325ce at the council of nicaea. Ill keep it short, and im leaving out a lot, but if you take the words that people use to describe the trin. Some of these ancient trinities are still worshipped today. The doctrine of the trinity says that there are three persons in god. The scriptures listed above are just a few of many used to demonstrate that the god of the bible is one god in three persons. The capitoline triad was a group of three deities who were worshipped in ancient roman religion in an elaborate temple on rome s capitoline hill latin capitolium. And i find this to be generally the case with folks who reject the trinity. This accusation reflects a serious misunderstanding of orthodox christianity. A triple deity is three deities that are worshipped as one. The three persons are not each part of god, but are each fully god and equally god. The christian doctrine of the trinity holds that god is one god, but three coeternal.
Boethius was the last of the roman philosophers and the first of the scholastic theologians. Included in the doctrine of the trinity is a strict monotheism which is the teaching that there exists in all the universe a single being known as god who is self. He is one of the most important and complex of roman gods. Recognized as the god of music, healing, the sun and light, truth and prophecy, plague, poetry, and more, apollo was the son of jupiter and brother of diana. Such deities are common throughout world mythology.
A church that god started back in the 1800s to proclaim the one true god and his son. Trinity is one god not three gods purely presbyterian. The history of the doctrine of the trinity the true scriptural picture. Pagan roots of the trinity doctrine what does the bible. Likewise in india, the three gods, brahma, shiva and vishnu, are worshipped as a trinity in the hindu faith. Bitter battles ensued, and three versions of the trinity debated, as well as the nontrinity belief, until the present one was adopted. Jupiter, also known as jove, is the chief roman deity.
Christianity insists that one god exists in trinity. This of course makes no sense at all and is not found in the bible, so where did it really come from. In fact, all three persons of the triune god are revealed at the same time in two key places in the bible. The lie that made god a mystery what many believe the christian religion in its three classic forms of roman catholicism, eastern orthodoxy, and protestantism acknowledges one god in three persons. There are many who claim as theirs the dignity of the christian religion. The present volume serves to prove the truth of both these assertions. The father is that which the son is, the son that which the father is, the father and the son that which the holy spirit. It was a vote of men that established it, not revelation from god or scriptures. Christendom today has degenerated to a belief in four gods, three good ones and one evil one. The doctrine of the trinity is encapsulated in matthew 28. Stained glass window with three sections representing the trinity. How ancient trinitarian gods influenced adoption of the trinity. We do not confess three gods, but one god in three persons, the consubstantial trinity. They claim it is either impossible for god to exist in three persons, andor that the trinity is really borrowed from pagan three god figures.25 1034 318 731 86 388 213 1130 485 1006 484 1020 379 80 1422 261 1251 342 1512 1442 97 719 49 947 250 892 1110 832 1293 327 517 439 735 919 611 288 1093 572