Handbook of heating, ventilation and air conditioning. Air duct also termed as ductulator is a passage that is used to provide fresh air into rooms, buildings etc. Deliverable presentations should only consist of a 35 page maximum technical report either times new roman or arial font at 11pt minimum in pdf format only. Proper duct insulation for errors in calculating v 22 velocity pressure across. Download free mep calculation excel sheets, autocad drawings, and training courses for hvac, firefighting, plumbing and electrical systems design. Elements of design air conditioning systems can be divided into two classes. Lowvelocity ductwork design is very important for energy efficiency in air distribution systems. You will be introduced to the tools needed to work the sheet metal. Online ductulator ocean hvac, manualj load calculator. A good quality hvac engineer needs to be familiar with complex numbers and calculations. This equalfriction method of duct sizing should be adequate for normal residential furnace heating. Read round duct diameter inches and friction loss per 100 of duct. Heat conduction and thermal resistance for steady state conditions and one dimensional heat transfer, the heat q conducted through a plane wall is given by. Ductulator calculator air duct also termed as ductulator is a passage that is used to provide fresh air into rooms, buildings etc.
Free ductwork tables for sizing and construction of hvac air ducts. In addition, the experienced engineer or designer may find this manual useful as a quick design reference guide. Fibrous glass insulated hvac duct systems 3 sheet metal ducts lined with fibrous glass insulation fibrous glass duct liner insulation is designed for application to the interiors of commercial and residential sheet metal heating, ventilating, and airconditioning ducts to attenuate noise generated by central air handling. The following equations calculate the round duct diameter that will give the same friction loss as the rectangular or flat oval duct, at the same volume flow rate cfm.
To my surprise morning i received my calculations the next day at 9 am. The technical note on ductwork for ventilation systems, produced in the name of the airways project, is not. Source book for efficient air duct systems in europe. Duct sizing needs a ductulator or software but this excel calculator performs the same calculations. Duct system sizes and airflow quick chart created date. Ductwork static pressure is figured as friction loss per 100 feet of duct at a certain cfm. Ordinary heating, ventilating, and air conditioning duct systems read air pressures at 0. The following duct sizes are based on a fraction drop of.
Upstream velocity of fitting h height of the duct w width of the duct r radius of the bend. The purpose of this project is to develop a costeffective design for moving the hvac system into conditioned space. Each elbow is figured as equivalent to a certain number of feet of straight duct. No part of this work may be reproduced or used in any form or by any means graphic, electronic, or mechanical, including photocopying. Fibrous glass insulated hvac duct systems 4 sheet metal ducts with exterior fibrous glass exterior insulation flexible blanket fibrous glass duct wrap insulation is designed for application to the exteriors of commercial and residential sheet metal heating, ventilating, and airconditioning ducts and plenums operating at temperatures between 40. I emailed blueprints to web reps at 430pm on tuesday and told them that i need a heat load done asap. No separate visual aids will be accepted powerpoint, youtube, etc. Principle of duct design in hvac systems cedengineering.
The fundamentals of duct system design mcgill airflow. Enter friction loss per 100 of duct inches of water, duct airflow cfm, duct length and the number of bends. For small commercial systems, chilled water and steam systems are generally impractical. Duct sizing, pressure augmentation and size augmentation ips method.
In this video well be learning how to size and design a ductwork for efficiency. Feb 23, 2017 so far in this series on duct and system design we have discussed heat transfer, duct leaks, and heat load calculations. Increased friction rate in compressed flexible duct. Secondary air ductwork runoutsbranches from main to terminal boxes and distribution devices shall be low pressure classification. This calculator is designed to give the approximate weight of sheet metal, based on length, width and thickness.
The heating, ventilation, and air conditioning hvac equations, data, rules of thumb, and other information contained within this reference manual were assembled to aid the beginning engineer and designer in the design of hvac systems. When sheet metal is to be fabricated into system components, the steelworker. The numbers involved are more complex than, the difference between 35 and 95 degrees. This equalfriction method of duct sizing should be adequate for normal residential furnace heating and air conditioning applications. Enter duct airflow cfm, duct velocity fpm, duct length and the number of bends. Duct calculator is a powerful tool that provides access to duct calculation and sizing capabilities either. Ductwork sizing, calculation and design for efficiency the.
It is designed for calculating and sizing duct dimensions according to air volume cfm, roughness, velocity, etc. Commonly used hvac formulae and conversions air side q total cfm x h i. Online ductulator duct size calculator ductcalc online. The submission for the hvac design calculations category must be in pdf format only. Measure the distance across the duct, in inches, then multiply by 3. The air duct distribution network is an important component of hvac installations, helping to significantly reduce energy costs and reduce noise nuisance generated by the systems equipment. Duct system design guide first edition 2003 mcgill airflow corporation mcgill airflow corporation one mission park groveport, ohio 43125 duct system design i notice. To minimize downwash, the stack discharge velocity must exceed. It calculates both rectangular and round duct dimensions. Velocity classification vs pressure classification generally speaking, a.
Isover solutions for hvac the safe option for saving energy and providing comfort. Our manual d calculation service, is a complete custom duct design for your residential project. Duct sizing and construction tables according to smacna pdf. Residential duct sizing guide the following duct sizes are based on a fraction drop of. It delivers an schematic drawing of the duct system. From the friction loss chart, find the horizontal line that represents 2,500 cfm. Duct designer streamlines duct design and improves calculation precision, letting you optimize your.
The equal friction method is straightforward and easy to use and gives an automatic reduction of air flow velocities through the system. Understanding basic residential ductwork design please note. The load calculation is the first step of the iterative hvac design procedure, as a full hvac design involves much more than just the load calculation. This guide presents the key criteria required to create accurate heating and cooling load calculations. Fundamentals distribution systems 2 space availability the sizing criteria will often be defined by the space available to run the ductwork figure 1. Highvelocity hv duct systems are characterized by air velocities in the range of 2500 to 3500 fpm. This is our 5th time using web reps and have only been more satisfied each time.
Designed to work like those conventional cardboard duct calculators that hvac engineers are so familiar with. Smc tdc, slipdrive and raw sheet metal connectors, inc. Heat conduction and thermal resistance for steady state conditions and one dimensional heat transfer, the heat q. Hvac formulas ton of refrigeration the amount of heat required to melt a ton 2000 lbs.
This is because most background sound sources are generated by the hvac equipment. Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning design strategy. The purpose of residential ductwork design is to properly distribute. Deliverable presentations should only consist of a 35 page maximum technical report either times new roman or arial font at 11pt minimum in pdf. It delivers an schematic drawing of the duct system including locations and sizes of trunklines, branch ducts, outlet registers, an inlet grilles. The purpose of this manual is to familiarize the designer will the basics of acoustics, and to apply these basics to typical hvac designs. Jan 30, 2019 numbers play a large part in the hvac industry. The loads modeled by the heating and cooling load calculation process will dictate the equipment selection and duct design to deliver conditioned air to the rooms of the house. Adobe portable document format pdf files on all major computer platforms, as well as fill in. The measure of energy the hvac system needs to add or remove from a space to provide the desired level of comfort btuh not the. Jul 15, 2018 duct sizer ductulator for hvac air ducts. Ceiling plenums, duct chases, and obstructions such as walls and beams often dictate that a certain size duct be used, regardless of whether or not it is the best size from a. Calculate the pressure loss of the duct fitting in a 600mm w x 200mm h duct with.
Duct flow rate at point 1 is called q 1 and is equal to. Jul 03, 2018 duct sizing, duct calculation, duct design, energy efficient ductwork design. Ductulator calculator air duct velocity calculator. As with any mathematical solution, it is easy when you know how.
All information provided in this document is to be used as a guideline only. Full worked example included with cfd simulations to optimise your design to ensure the highest energy efficiency. Lowvelocity design will lead to larger duct sizes, but it may be worth since, doubling of duct diameter. This chapter introduces you to basic sheet metal and fiberglass ductwork fabrication. My hvac experience followed twenty years in the aerospace industry. Figure 3 is a sketch of an air conditioning cycle plotted on a psychrometric chart. Download hvac duct construction tables according to smacna and rule of thumbs pdf. Published on october 22, 2015 october 22, 2015 572 likes 74 comments. Determining duct air flow in cfm using the bapi pressure. Example of duct fitting loss v u upstream velocity of fitting h height of the duct w width of the duct r radius of the bend. Fibrous glass insulated hvac duct systems 4 sheet metal ducts with exterior fibrous glass exterior insulation flexible blanket fibrous glass duct wrap insulation is designed for application to the exteriors of commercial and residential sheet metal heating, ventilating, and airconditioning ducts. Angle of the radius calculate the pressure loss of the duct fitting in a 600mm w x 200mm h duct with a radius of 600mm and a 90 bend angle.
Primary air ductwork fan connections, risers, main distribution ducts shall be medium pressure classification. The duct between the collector and the fan inlet is 355 mm round to match the fan inlet 340 mm diam eter. With an understanding of the system and the data collected we are able to. Chapter layout and fabrication of sheet metal and fiberglass duct topics 1. Determining duct air flow in cfm using the bapi pressure sensor application note to calculate air flow in cubic feet per minute cfm, determine the flow velocity in feet per minute, then multiply this. The reduced velocities are in general within the noise limits of the application environment. Chapter layout and fabrication of sheet metal and. Asp blower static pressure component pressure drops tel is the total effective length of the longest supply run and the longest return run.1349 1107 510 1017 682 812 160 1435 1227 1388 429 331 769 46 1686 85 1582 732 1420 1314 51 524 1582 878 1002 905 496 404 206 528 86 368 1213 1422 51